Primary Energy: Renewable Fuels

Wind, solar, and biomass energy are modeled explicitly in the FeliX model. Investment in and development of these energy sources is calibrated to the results of IIASA's Global Energy Assessment (2012) for RCP 6.0. As shown below, future development of renewable energies--especially solar & biomass--shows strong dependence on population growth. In the case of biomass, this dependence has important consequences for land use change: specifically, forest degradation.

Annual primary energy supply (in EJ) generated from wind, solar, and biomass for the period [2000-2100]. The shaded ranges for each energy stream indicate the effects of high and low population estimates. Projections are consistent with IIASA's Global Energy Assessment for RCP 6.0.

Annual primary energy supply (in EJ) generated from wind, solar, and biomass for the period [2000-2100]. The shaded ranges for each energy stream indicate the effects of high and low population estimates. Projections are consistent with IIASA's Global Energy Assessment for RCP 6.0.